As you complete your 30s, you might have started getting skin problems such as dry and flaky skin, dark pigmentation, and wrinkles on your face.
You can take care of your skin in your 30s using some basic skincare tips at home easily. You will learn about effective skincare regimes in this article.
Why Does Your Skin Start Looking Dull After 30
In your 30s, the skin becomes more fragile due to the slow production of collagen and elastin protein, resulting in dull, dry, and wrinkled skin.
Dr. Elizabeth Bahar Houshmand (certified dermatologist) explains that your skin starts losing subcutaneous fat around the eyes, nose, and temples giving your face a hollow or tired appearance.
What is Collagen
Collagen is a natural protein found in the skin and comprises 70% of skin components. It provides elasticity to the skin and is vital in the skin healing process. With age, the natural tendency of collagen production slows down which disturbs the skin repairing process.
Factors resulting in depleted collagen
- Exposure to UV rays – Ultraviolet rays speed up the destruction of collagen protein and elastin fibres. Thus skin loses its flexibility and becomes prematurely wrinkled.
- Smoking – Excessive smoking produces free radicals which in result disturbs collagen levels, thus wrinkled and damaged skin. A non-smoker of the same age as a regular smoker will have much healthier skin than the other.
- Repeated facial expressions – Facial expressions such as smiling, frowning, which we repeat multiple times in a day, leads to groove formation below the skin and as we age, skin loses its capability to repair these grooves and these changes become permanent.
Signs of Aging Skin
#1. Dry And Dull Skin
With age, there’s less sebum production in the body which results in dry, dull, and itchy skin regardless if you had normal skin in the past.
#2. Dark Spots
Overexposure to the sun causes overproduction of melanin (skin darkening pigment) which leads to the appearance of dark spots.
#3. Dark Circles
Dark circles appear due to a lack of proper sleep and excessive stress. The harmful UV rays deplete the collagen which results in dark circles around the eyes.
#4. Puffy Eyes
Drop in collagen levels lead to puffy eyes. This mostly happens especially after sleep and gradually recovers in a few hours.
#5. Jawline Acne
Mostly after the 30s, the person with oily skin may experience an outbreak of acne along the jawline. This can also be attributed to hormonal changes.
#6. Hypersensitive Skin
Post 30s, your skin may become very sensitive to the cosmetic products which you have been using before. Even environmental factors such as dry weather, dust, pollen, etc can cause skin rashes. The rashes are itchy, flaky, and painful sometimes.
How to Manage Skin at Home
#1. Follow the CTM Regime
CTM refers to the “Cleaning, Toning, and Moisturizing” routine. CTM routine has great impacts like toned and radiant skin if you do CTM before sleep regularly. Your dull skin will start glowing in a month or two.
You can make your cleanser at home from the following options.
A. Milk and Rosewater
Add a few drops of milk into rosewater and massage on your face. Rinse with cold water.
B. Apple Cider Vinegar
Take a few drops of apple cider vinegar and dilute it with water and apply on the face with a cotton palette. When it dries up, moisturize the face.
Always use apple cider vinegar in diluted form as it can cause irritation if applied directly. Also, you should have a patch test before applying it to your face.
C. Multani Mitti
Add half spoon of Multani mitti into fresh yogurt and apply it to the face. Massage gently on the damp face and rinse with water. Multani mitti is very effective for oily skin.
D. Chickpea Powder and Turmeric
Add 2 tablespoons of chickpea powder to 2 teaspoons of turmeric and few drops of milk. Make a paste and apply on the face. Keep it for 15-20 mins and then rinse your face with running water.
#2. Healthy Diet
Our skin requires vitamin A, C, E in large amounts along with important minerals like zinc, magnesium, omega 3 fatty acids for its constant collagen formation.
Foods rich in such sources are a must for healthy glowing skin. Some details of foods good for skin are given below.
A. Green vegetables and fruits
Green leafy vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamin A and C.Bring healthy salads and eggs to your diet. Eggs are rich amino acids that help in skin repair and hydration.
Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fish, walnuts are essential to cure dry skin.
B. Oats in diet
Add oats in your regular diet to get glowing and healthy skin. Oats help in regulating digestion and strengthen the immune system.
Oats have anti-inflammatory properties that help to reduce puffy eyes.
Oatmeal bath helps in soothing dry and itchy skin.
Sometimes our diet may not contain all the essential elements required for healthy skin, so you need supplements to recover the gap.
Vitamin E and C helps in collagen synthesis for wrinkle-free skin. Vitamin B and D helps in repairing skin cells with improved blood circulation for a natural glow.
#3. Moisturize Your Skin
Moisturizers help a lot in retaining the hydration of the skin as well as essential body oils that help in the skin rejuvenating process.
Applying moisturizer immediately after bathing will help to lock the moisture of the skin. Products with glycerin, aloe vera, coconut, and vitamin E as ingredients are proven good moisturizers.
Some natural moisturizers easily available at home are listed below.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is called the best friend of skin because of its multiple uses like natural moisturizing, and antiseptic qualities. Aloe Vera is also a common ingredient of good moisturisers, and face packs.
You can use fresh aloe vera gel directly from the leaves and apply as moisturizer.
You can also add any oil such as olive oil or almond oil into aloe vera gel along with vitamin E extracts to make a homemade moisturizer. You can use this recipe for a month if kept in the refrigerator.
2. Coconut oil
Coconut oil has antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Coconut oil has a skin healing capacity and helps in removing scars or blemishes on the skin.
You can also use coconut oil as a natural cleanser and makeup remover.
3. Olive oil
Olive oil is a natural antioxidant and rich in vitamins A, E and C. Being an antioxidant it prevents premature aging. Using olive oil directly on skin after sun exposure can reduce skin cancer risks.
Drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water daily to keep yourself hydrated. Water helps to remove toxins and dead cells from the body and makes the skin glowing.
- Lemon juice – Lemons are a rich source of vitamin C and have natural antioxidant properties. Just have a glass of lemon juice with lukewarm water daily to add health to your skin.
- Use a humidifier – The healthy skin requires water the same as needed by plants. In case of dry environmental conditions you can use a humidifier to make your surroundings moisture laden.
#5. Facials and Face Masks
Facials provide radiance to the skin. They help in removing the dead layer of skin and add glow. Regular exfoliation especially at night is very beneficial to rejuvenate the dull skin.
One of the common homemade scrubs can be made by mixing honey, lemon juice and sugar. Apply this paste on your face and rub gently. Rinse after 10-15 minutes with running water.
You don’t need to go for readymade face packs from the market, as you can easily make them at home from common ingredients.
Some of the best homemade facial mask recipes are as below.
1. Cucumber and sugar face pack
- Mashed cucumber slices (4-5)
- Sugar (one spoon)
Mix mashed cucumber slices with a spoon of sugar and refrigerate for sometime. Apply this pack on the face for 10-15 mins and wash with normal water. You will feel your skin hydrated and fresh.
2. Curd and gram flour face pack
- Gram flour
Mix curd and gram flour in roughly equal parts and apply on the face. Let it dry and wash with lukewarm water. This pack is ideal for de-tanning the skin.
3. Egg-honey mask
- Lemon juice
- Egg white
Mix equal parts of lemon juice with honey and add one egg white to it. Keep it on your face for 15-20 mins and wash away with water.
4. Aloe vera face pack
- Aloe vera (2 spoons)
- Honey (1 spoon)
- Banana (1 over ripe)
Mash banana in a bowl and add honey and aloe vera. Apply it on your face for 30 minutes and wash it off with water.
5. Mint and turmeric face pack
- Mint leaves (1 bowl)
- Turmeric powder (1 pinch)
Make a paste of mint leaves by adding some water and a pinch of turmeric in it. Apply on your face for 10-15 mins and wash the face.
A 2018 study by Northwestern University showed that 20 weeks of daily facial exercise did indeed yield measurably firmer skin, and fuller upper and lower cheeks.
Some of the basic facial exercises for healthy skin are listed below.
- Lifting eyebrows – Place the index finger half an inch above the eyebrow and try to lift your brows while pushing them down with your finger. Repeat it for 10 – 15 mins a day.
- Fish face – Suck your cheeks inside like making a fish face. Hold for a few seconds, until your eyes start to water. Now blink and release the pose.
- Chant ‘om’ with a smile – Chant ‘Om’ while closing your eyes and smile slightly. Now visualizing the point between your eyebrows. Repeat it 10-15 times a day.
- Kiss and smile – Pretend as if you are about to kiss and then smile broadly. Repeat for 10-15 minutes in a day.
#7. Sufficient Sleep
You should manage to sleep 7 to 8 hours daily in order to de-stress and freshen up your body. During sleep, the body gets sufficient time to repair its worn-out cells and regenerates new cells.
#8. Avoid Stress
Life is full of responsibilities and with responsibilities stress is inevitable. The signs of stress are foremost shown on the skin only.
You should know how to destress and calm your mind. Guided meditation and music have effective results on stress management.
You can do silence meditation by doing following steps –
- Sit comfortably on a chair or yoga mat.
- Keep your back straight
- Take a deep breath.
- Focus on your inhaling as well as exhaling of air
- Start with at least 1 minute (put a timer) and keep on increasing the time gradually.
#9. Avoid Cosmetic Products
Cosmetic products such as powders or foundations often clog your pores and cause an outbreak of acne. Parabens, one of the main ingredients of cosmetic products, can trigger contact dermatitis.
According to study (Wróbel 2014), parabens have a great role in causing breast cancer.
Sodium laureth sulfate and lead are other harmful ingredients of cosmetics. You must be aware of the irritants that trigger your skin problems and avoid them.
You must check the ingredients and should go for the most natural combination such as chamomile flower extract, and shea butter along with aloe vera. You can use pure coconut oil as a primer on your face.
Brands like Just Herbs and Soultree provide some of the best organic makeup products in the market.
Avoid using perfumed soaps and make up products regularly.
#10. Invest in an Anti Aging Cream
You can invest in an anti aging cream or serum with hyaluronic acid and retinol as chief ingredients.
- Hyaluronic acid – Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring carbohydrate present in the skin that has water binding abilities and thus keeps the skin firm and plumpy.
Hyaluronic acid also repairs the collagen and helps reduce wrinkles and blemishes from the skin.
You can use hyaluronic acid serums or creams for well toned skin.
- Retinol – Retinol is Vitamin A derivative that helps in collagen and elastin repair. It is thus an important ingredient of some of the best anti aging creams or used as serum.
#11. Protect Skin from Direct Sun Light
Try to cover up your face whenever you step out of your home. The skin may be sensitive to sunlight, pollutants, dust, and pollens.
You can use shades to protect the eyes and a mask to cover the face.
If you want to go for sunscreen, look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid, oxybenzoate, and SPF-15 or above. (If you normally burn in 10 minutes, SPF 15 multiplies that by 15, meaning you can go 150 minutes without burning.)
You should always opt for skin friendly clothes and avoid synthetic fabrics.
You don’t get glowing skin from skincare alone, it’s always a combination of skin care, diet and lifestyle. So how you age is up to you and your lifestyle.
Make your skincare a priority like other essential things in your life.s